Muscle Mustangs & Fast Fords
C&L Performance's New Three-Valve Intake Manifold - Expand the Limits
From the Winter 2010 issue of 2005-'10 Mustang Performance Magazine
Rumors of its existence have been going around the Internet since the first prototype went out the door for testing. It wasn't long before the buzz turned into reality and the MM&FF staff received C&L Performance's first production intake manifold for the Three-Valve Mustang to flog on the dyno just for you, the reader.
Over the course of the last three years or so, C&L proprietor Lee Bender has been constantly refining the intake manifold to make sure it is the absolute best it can be.
"In 2003, we were the first company to develop an upgraded upper intake plenum for the '96-and-up Two-Valve 4.6L Mustangs, and that product was a huge success at the time," says C&L Performance's Lee Bender. "Our '05-and-newer products had quickly accounted for the highest percentage of our overall sales. This led us to evaluate the factory Three-Valve intake manifold to determine what improvements could be made. Although the factory intake does have a higher flow capacity than the stock cylinder head intake flow capacity, it still fell short of the
CNC-ported offerings that serious enthusiasts were using." Though the factory plastic intake manifold saves weight, Bender felt its plastic construction wasn't ideal for high levels of nitrous oxide.
"By implementing individual port bosses for a direct port system, our manifold allows enthusiasts to safely run as much nitrous as they are comfortable with, without fear of backfires, fuel accumulation or fuel puddling issues," notes Bender. "In our dyno testing, the manifold has shown that clear gains are afforded by the intake manifold on everything from a totally stock engine (11 to 14 hp) to a fully built engine. The better the heads flow and the higher the engine operating rpm, the greater the potential gains are with the new manifold design. It is also a natural for high-boost applications as well."
Designing, testing, and producing your own intake manifold is no easy feat--in fact, it's a major undertaking.
"The first flow testing for our original production runner designs (for comparison with the original manifold capacity) took place in May of 2007," says Bender. "The manifold has gone through two completely different sets of tooling and two different runner configurations since the original design. The last seven months of the product development cycle was spent optimizing various characteristics of the manifold with valuable help from independent third-party testing. We had to ensure the manifold's final configuration was flexible enough to support the needs of those with high-rpm engines, while also doing all that we could to maintain good overall performance for those who have cars that operate below 6,500 rpm. The first cast samples were created nearly a year ago, and the first true production samples (with a revised intake port runner) were cast in July of 2009."
Getting down to specifics, we asked Bender what the main differences are between the C&L Intake and the factory plastic piece.
"Aside from its aluminum construction, which is a substantially more durable material, it features an individual intake port flow capacity that is roughly 28 to 30 percent greater (on average) than the original intake," notes Bender. "This was accomplished by eliminating the 'crossover' runner design of the factory manifold. By keeping the port entry location for each respective bank of runners away from the other, we were able to maintain the same port shape throughout the entire runner. The stock 'crossover' manifold (due to front-to-rear port length and spacing) has to convert the runner from a round opening to the oblong shape of the factory port at the cylinder head. The runners are length-tuned to develop a horsepower peak that starts at around 5,000 rpm and extends to at least 7,000 rpm, and even higher if the engine is built to operate above that range.