5.0 Mustang & Super FordsHow To Chassis Suspension
Upgrading The Suspension On Our 2001 Ford Mustang GT - Curve Hugger
We Turn This '01 GT Into An Open-Tracker Using HP Motorsport's Components
Weight bias is the proportion of weight distributed between the front and rear of the car. A perfect weight bias is 50/50. With a front-engined car such as a Mustang, a 50/50 weight bias is possible, but it's difficult to achieve given the weight of the engine hanging over the front wheels. Even the race-bred 2000 Cobra R has a weight bias of 56.5/43.5 front to rear. Of course, the Ferrari 550 Maranello has a perfect weight bias, but you'll have to pay $226,620 for it.
There are two ways to handle upgrading your Mustang's suspension. The first is the inexpensive and easy way-install lowering springs and performance shocks and struts. These additions will improve handling characteristics on any car. But if you're serious about your Mustang's handling, you'll need a lot more than shocks and springs to keep up with the competition. Here's where the second, expensive part comes in, but it's also the correct way to prepare your Mustang for all-out open-track duty.
A lot goes into increasing the handling of a car. Not to sound like our 10th-grade science teacher, but physics is not just a class you slept through; it has a huge impact on the handling of any car. Let's face it, if the teacher had applied physics to racing, we would've paid more attention. Physics is "the science of matter and energy and of interactions between the two." In layman's terms, the laws of physics tell us an object in motion will remain in motion until another force is introduced.
Let's apply this to road racing. When your Mustang (matter) has a full head of steam going down the straight, it's an object in motion (energy). When you hit the binders and prepare for a turn, this is the other force being introduced. Since the car was going straight originally, it wants to keep going in that direction. But you want the car to turn. If it doesn't turn the way you want it to, this is called understeer, or a pushing condition. Most front-engined cars suffer from understeer mainly because the weight of the engine is directly over the front wheels. There are several factors causing understeer; one of the major causes is flex. If the chassis is allowed to flex uncontrollably, all that energy is being transferred onto the outside tire going into a turn. To get a handle on your Mustang, controlling its flex is one of the first things you need to do.
Whether it's chassis or bushing flex, both have a sizable effect on the way your Mustang handles. Simply installing subframe connectors greatly reduces chassis flex, but-short of installing a rollcage-the best way to reduce it is to replace your factory control arms and bushings. Although these these parts are designed to give us a comfy ride, they do nothing for handling. Factory control arms flex because of their open design, and factory bushings are rubber, which also flex and provide a cushion for bumps and road imperfections. Installing boxed (or aftermarket) control arms and polyurethane-or even solid-bushings is a great way to neutralize chassis flex. Again, just short of a cage, subframe connectors, aftermarket control arms, and polyurethane or solid bushings are the way to go in increasing chassis rigidity.
Let's not forget about introducing other components such as Panhard bars, torque arms, link-style suspensions, front SLA (short/long-arm) kits, sway bars, and so on that are designed strictly for handling performance.
We recently had the opportunity to observe a complete suspension install showcasing the latest offerings from HP Motorsport. Dan Flowers at Idle Wild Racing in Largo, Florida, upgraded his '01 GT with HPM's SLA front suspension kit, rear Panhard bar package, and upper and lower control arms. Check out the captions for the complete install.